During his lifetime (1924-2013), Edwin Banfield established an
international reputation as an authority on antique barometers. He
wrote extensively on the history of barometers and their makers based
on thirty years’ experience of collecting mercury stick and wheel
barometers, aneroid barometers and barographs.
He is the author of Antique Barometers: An Illustrated Survey (1976,
2nd edn 2008), the companion volumes Barometers: Aneroid and Barographs, Barometers:
Stick or Cistern Tube, and Barometers: Wheel or Banjo (all 1985), Visiting Cards and Cases
(1989, now out of print), Barometer
Makers and Retailers 1660–1900 (1991), The Italian Influence on
English Barometers from 1780 (1993) and The Banfield Family Collection of
Barometers (1995), as well as many articles on different aspects of antique
barometers and their makers.
Philip R. Collins
Philip R. Collins is known worldwide for his specialist skills and knowledge, gained from a lifetime of work
restoring and dealing in barometers and barographs. He lives in Merton in Devon where he runs Barometer World Ltd.
He is the author of Aneroid Barometers and their Restoration (1998), Barographs
(2002), Bizarre Barometers and Other Unusual Weather Forecasters (2004), Care
and Restoration of Barometers (1990, 2nd edn 2016) and FitzRoy and his Barometers (2007).
W. E. Knowles Middleton
W. E. Knowles Middleton was a member
of the National Research Council of Canada. In 1943 he was elected a
Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and in 1960 a Fellow of the
Optical Society of America, whose Ives Medal he received in 1959. In
1957 he was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Science by Boston
He is the author of Meteorological
Instruments (1941), Vision
Through the Atmosphere (1952), A
History of the Theories of Rain (1966), A
History of the Thermometer and its Use in Meteorology
(1966), and numerous scientific papers chiefly on meteorology, optics,
and the history of science. His The History of the
Barometer, first published by The Johns Hopkins
University Press in 1964, was reprinted by Baros Books in 1994.
Enrico (Henry) Angelo Ludovico
Negretti (1818-1879) and Joseph Warren Zambra (1822-1897) formed the
partnership of Negretti & Zambra in London in 1850 as
philosophical instrument makers. In 1851 they exhibited a variety of
instruments at the Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace and received
the only prize medal awarded for meteorological equipment. For this
they were appointed Meteorological Instrument Makers to Queen Victoria.
They became the leading and most prolific makers of meteorological
instruments in Britain during the second half of the nineteenth
1864 they produced A Treatise on Meteorological
Instruments, which was reprinted by Baros Books in